Sunday, July 31, 2016

Ep 47: Knitting with Handspun Singles

Spinning, dyeing moth-proof yarn, crocheting bears, and knitting handspun singles are adventures in this episode.  Kelly gives an extensive review of knitting with handspun singles so that spinners will know how to use their yarn without always plying it.  Marsha has been researching the meaning of the old-fashioned "moth-proofing" that was done to her spirit yarn.  We hope that both topics are interesting and helpful to you!

Marsha's projects

Marsha has not done too much knitting recently but she has made some progress on the Havasu Falls Shawl by Allison LoCicero and completed spinning 10 ounces of golden Shetland roving that she got at the Black Sheep Gathering.
Havasu Falls Shawl
Golden Shetland spinning
She has also been doing a little more dyeing in preparation for the the afghan project she is making with spirit yarn.  Detailed information about the preparations for this project (including the math that we discussed in the previous episode) is in the Project Page for Frank's Spirit Yarn Afghan.  One of the colors came out lime green, as planned.  The other skein was meant to be coral but turned out gold.

Two more dyed skeins--right was "moth-proof" yarn meant to be coral
 The yarn was labeled as "moth-proofed" and Marsha has done some research about what that means.  The process includes treating the wool with a pesticide called Mitin ff, and may be the reason that the dye didn't adhere properly.  
Frank's sweater is ready to be unraveled and knit into a blanket

Kelly's Projects

Kelly has started back up on the second of the Civil War Socks for Robert.  She has put a few more sections on the NoCKRs shawl, too, but it is now time to figure out how much yarn she will need to do the final repeats.  She has modified the New Beginnings pattern by Boo Knits in order to use two colors and wants to use all 800 yards, if possible.  Kelly has also continued in her addiction to crocheting bears for the Mother Bear Project!  She now has 13 bears to enter into the Knit/Crochet Along that the 2 Knit Lit Chicks are hosting on their Ravelry group.  To see pictures of the bears with the children in African countries take a look at the Mother Bear gallery!


Kelly has been doing a study of knitting with handspun singles.  She used a variety of handspun yarns and swatched them with a variety of needle sizes, documenting the process along the way.  She has posted her article, complete with pictures, here on the Two Ewes blog dated July 31, 2016.

One of the finished swatches!

Fiber in the Wild

Marsha's ears perked up when she heard NPR commentators say that Hillary Clinton should "stick to her knitting" as a strategy for her acceptance speech.  The Two Ewes weren't sure what that meant and speculated that it must be an old saying.  After recording, they found this link that helps to explain the meaning!

Yes You Can Use Handspun Singles!

What are singles?

A singles yarn is a yarn that is only one ply.  Most of the time spinners make yarn with the intention to ply it.  Most often spinners will make a two-ply yarn or a three-ply yarn.  But there are times when a one-ply yarn, a singles yarn, is useful.  Some well known examples of singles in commercial yarn are Tosh Merino Light and Lopi yarns. 

Twist and Energy

When twist is introduced into the fibers, it can be thought of as energy.  That energy can be seen to "balance" itself when a newly twisted yarn hangs free and it twists back on itself and stablilizes.  When fiber is twisted into a singles and then it is made to stay that way for some time it will seem to stabilize without twisting back on itself.  However, if soaked in water, the energy will be visible again.  The yarn will, once again, twist back on itself.  It's similar to the way hair that is curled or straightened with heat or time in curlers will return to it's original form once wet.

To Ply or Not to Ply

Plying a yarn can balance the energy, it can overbalance and add more energy if the yarn is over-plied or it can under-balance the energy, creating under-plied yarn.  Balancing the energy is one way to make the yarn more manageable for knitting or crocheting.  It is difficult to work with a highly energized or twisted yarn.
Here are some reasons that plying is a good idea:
  • More balanced yarn (less energy, easier to work with)
  • Stronger yarn
  • Less pilling/harder wearing
  • Color effects (fractal plying, barber-poling)
  • To get a larger yarn
There are some ways other than plying to tamp down the energy in a singles and make it manageable to knit or crochet.  This opens up the possibility of using singles in a project.

Here are some reasons to use singles:
  • Colors stay clear--not muddied or barber-poled
  • Faster!
  • Lighter yarn (even for the same thickness)
  • Different texture than plied yarn
  • Energy of yarn can be used to advantage

My Experiment

 I wanted to use several different kinds of singles and document the process of using them for knitting.  I swatched with four different yarns.  

Well-aged singles. This was purposely spun as a low-twist worsted singles, using the slowest whorl on my wheel. The fiber was Blue-Faced Leicester from Wool Gatherings' fiber club (2014). The yarn was about sport weight.  When wound from the wheel into a skein it was kinky, but after washing it wasn't highly energized. There were no bends or kinks left in yarn.  It had been washed a little harshly, with agitation in hot water and soap, to slightly full the yarn.  This yarn had been wound into a center-pull ball about two years ago.  Re-soaking a bit of the yarn didn't result in a more twisty or energized yarn.
BFL singles: spun, washed, and wound.
After re-soaking, this yarn was still low energy.

Newly spun singles. These were intended to be spun at the same size and twist as the yarn above. However, while spinning, I sometimes got distracted and didn't always achieve the low twist that was planned. The fiber was Polwarth from Wool Gatherings fiber club (2014). It was extremely kinky when wound into skein directly off the wheel.  This yarn was washed fairly gently—with no intent to full it. The yarn still had kinks when dry but hung fairly straight, with only a loose twist in the hank.
Polwarth singles right off the wheel.

Polwarth singles after a gentle washing.

Wound with a little tension after washing

Alpaca singles. These were also newly spun for the swatching project. It was about DK weight, spun in a semi-worsted style with a relatively low twist.   It was very kinky when taken off the wheel. I washed it gently, so it was not fulled. The yarn still had some kinked areas after washing, but it hung with only a loose twist in the hank.
Alpaca singles unwashed (top) and washed (bottom)
Another view of the alpaca singles after washing.

Aged CVM singles. These woolen-style singles were wound from the wheel to a center pull ball in early 2016.  The yarn is a worsted to aran weight, not consistent in its grist, and spun woolen on the Ricci Indian Head Spinner.  This wheel has tremendous draw in and I am still getting accustomed to it to the yarn was a very low twist singles.  The fiber was a carded preparation of California Variegated Mutant (CVM).  The yarn was not washed prior to using and since it was in a ball, I never saw how it would hang in a hank.

CVM singles--very inconsistent

The Swatches

Swatches were photographed before and after washing.  The swatches were not blocked, just laid out flat to dry.

Well-aged singles swatch: 
Size 3 needles, garter stitch border and stockinette center. A little energy evident as buckling in unwashed swatch.  After washing, no evident biasing or buckling. Light fabric with good stitch definition. Note how colors of the swatch are clear and not muddied or blended by plying.
Unwashed swatch buckles.

Light and even after washing.

Newly spun singles swatch:  
Size 3 needles (bottom), some tension or buckling in the stockinette before washing.  After washing, no evident biasing good stitch definition, sturdy feeling fabric, yarn looks even.
Size 5 needles (middle), slight energy visible in stitches both before and after washing.  Swatch has texture. Can see some unevenness in yarn.
Size 7 needles (top), Energy visible in stitches, unevenness visible both before and after washing. Slight biasing. Fabric has great drape. 

Before washing.
Small and medium gauge before washing.
Medium and large gauge before washing.
After washing.
Small and medium gauge after washing.
Medium gauge after washing.
Large gauge after washing.

Alpaca singles swatch:
Size 4 needles (bottom).  Before washing, definite bias.  After washing, slight bias in stockinette, nice fabric weight. Not as heavy or dense feeling as my alpaca yarn has been in past. After washing, yarn looks fairly even in stockinette, less so in garter.
Size 7 needles (all other sections).  Before washing, definite bias.  After washing, fabric has nice drape with light biasing in stockinette. Also some energy visible in stitches. Two lace patterns done in size 7 also. Both are pleasing, no biasing evident after washing , stitches look even and organized but some YOs are consistently smaller. Pattern probably looks slightly different than it would in plied yarn.
Alpaca before washing.
Alpaca after washing.
Small gauge after washing.
Lace and larger gauge after washing.
Lace and garter after washing. Notice unevenness of garter.
Aged CVM singles swatch: Size 10 needles. Fluffy and light. No biasing, but a little buckling before washing. Used stockinette and basketweave pattern (alternating k2P2 for two rows then P2K2 for two rows). Stitch definition not clear. Unevenness of yarn not really evident in stockinette, very evident in garter stitch. 
CVM before washing.
CVM after washing.

Final Thoughts

I hope you have enjoyed this adventure in knitting with handspun singles!  The lesson I learned here is that singles can be a great yarn to work with--especially if they are intentionally spun with a little less twist than usual.  Of course, swatching is a great idea!  It will give you an idea of the strengths and weaknesses of the yarn you have created.  It will also give you a better sense of what the final product will look like.  Along the way, before washing, things might look a little "wonky."  I am now interested to try some crochet with handspun singles!

If you do some of your own experiments with singles, please let us know your thoughts!  You can post in the comments or in our Ravelry Group!  Or email us at  Happy spinning!

Sunday, July 17, 2016

Ep 46: Fun with Math, Color, and Sheep Labor

Math, over-dyeing, color theory, and an interesting discussion of the Faroe Islands join knitting and spinning in the topics of this episode.

Kelly's Projects

Kelly has won the battle with the first of the Civil War socks.  Several adjustments for fit were needed, but the finished sock is now perfect and it is on to the second one.
Sock 1 is done!

The only other knitting has been on the NoCKRs shawl.  The desire to use as much yarn as possible of both colors has led to some pattern modification experiments.
Modifying the New Beginnings pattern for two colors

Kelly has been doing a lot of spinning with two different wool/angora blends.  One is a dyed gray and the other is a natural white.  She also continues working on the CVM fleece with both a fingering/sport 3-ply and a bulky singles yarns on the wheels.

Marsha's Projects

Marsha was doing really well on her Fairfield Cardigan by Michele Wang but discovered she knit past the point where she should begin decreasing for the shoulders. Ugh! She now needs to do some ripping back.

She started a shawl call Havasu Falls by Allison LoCicero using Freia Handpaints Ombre Lace in the color way Ice Queen.

Havasu Falls shawl.

Since the last episode's discussion of the Tour de Fleece, Marsha has been focusing on spinning. She has one skein done and three bobbins waiting to be plied of the golden Shetland roving she purchased last month at the Black Sheep Gathering. When that project is done she plans to start spinning a big ball of unknown wool roving from Pendleton Woolen Mills.

Golden Shetland

Pendleton wool roving.

The Two Ewes have a discussion on the planning Marsha is doing to make the Garter Squish afghan by Stephen West. There is lots of talk of math (including the golden ratio) and Marsha has a fiber in the wild related adventure.

Frank's Spirit Yarn Afghan

The Garter Squish afghan is knit using two balls of worsted weight yarn. One in a main color and the second in ever changing contrast colors. For the main color Marsha will use the repurposed blue spirit yarn from the giant sweater she made for her father.  For the contrasting colors she will use odds and ends from her stash. She didn't love some of the colors which leads to a Fiber in the Wild adventure.

Fiber in the Wild

Kelly and Marsha met Maddy Wallace (appledappy) at the Jorstadt Creek Dye Studio booth at the Black Sheep gathering. Maddy invited them to Over Dye Saturday held at the studio in Olympia, Washington. Marsha was able to attend and over dyed some of her thrift shop yarn that she will use in her Garter Squish afghan. Over Dye Saturdays supports Click for Babies who educate new parents on preventing shaken baby syndrome.

Jorstadt Creek Dye Studio is owned by Kerry Graber (jorstadtcreek) and she is focusing on fiber from local producers featuring Icelandic, Finn, and Gotland wools all grown in the Olympia area. Her yarns are sold at Bazaar Girls in Port Townsend, WA and Yorkshire Yarns in Lakewood, WA. An Etsy shop is coming soon. Kerry is also part of a design group call the BK Collective featuring Jorstadt yarns. Marsha met two of the designers, Kaia Petersen (cayennepepper) and Jann Hoppler (jmhknits) at the studio. They have some lovely patterns. A couple of Marsha's favorites are....

Traslov Hat by Kerry Graber
Garrison Street Scarf and Cowl by Kaia Petersen
Ebb and Flow Shawl by Jann Hoppler

A huge thank you to everyone at Jorstadt Creek. Marsha had a blast! Here are some pictures from the day or visit her project page, Frank's Spirit Yarn Afghan, for more photos.

Jorstadt Creek Dye Studio.

Getting ready to dye!

And finally, Marsha talks about a story she heard on the BBC World Service about sheep being used to map the Faroe Islands. Here are links discussed.

Faroe Islands
Sheep View 360
Free Faroese Sweater Pattern
Free Sarah Lund Faroese Sweater Pattern